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How to Restore Your Wallet.dat File

It’s generally thought that there is no way to recover a crypto wallet without its seed phrase. While this is mostly true, for certain crypto wallets, you don’t even need the seed phrase. This is the case for core wallets, like Bitcoin Core, Litecoin Core, Dogecoin Core, and Dash Core

Recovering these wallets involves figuring out how to restore your wallet.dat file. It works because the file contains crucial information about your wallet, including your private keys, making it possible to recover your wallet.  

How to restore your wallet.dat file infographic

What is a wallet.dat file? 

A .dat file is a database file that contains certain information belonging to an application. Many applications that you install on your mobile device or computer have a .dat file. The file is created immediately when the application installs. Its content usually changes as you use the program. 

Core crypto wallets have a .dat file that is usually named wallet.dat. It contains a variety of information about the wallet. These include the public and private keys. Public keys are the wallet’s address on the blockchain. 

On the other hand, private keys prove ownership of the cryptocurrency funds associated with the wallet. They are also used to sign transactions. As a result, private keys are the most important piece of information contained in a wallet.dat file.  

Other information may include the wallet’s transaction record and the settings and preferences. Once restored, all this data is what helps you recover your cryptocurrency funds. 

Core wallets can be encrypted with an optional passphrase. For security reasons you should use a strong passphrase when using a core wallet. Otherwise, if someone finds your wallet.dat file they will be able to take over your wallet and move your assets. 

When do you need to restore wallet.dat? 

Restoring wallet.dat becomes necessary if something happens to the original file. For example, you’ll need to restore it if it is missing or corrupted. This is a relatively rare occurrence, however, it is a huge problem when it does occur. 

It can happen for a variety of reasons. This includes accidental deletion of the wallet.dat file. The file can also be corrupted or deleted by a virus. When that happens, the wallet will stop working properly, stopping you from accessing the funds associated with your wallet. 

The only way to get your core wallet working again is to restore its wallet.dat file.

Where is your wallet.dat file located?

Before you can restore your wallet.dat file, or back it up, you need to find its location on your computer. Here are some common Bitcoin file locations (other coins will be in similar locations):

Windows XP: 

C:\Documents and Settings\YourUserName\Application data\Bitcoin

Windows Vista & Windows 7:


Mac & Linux

The best way to find your wallet.dat file on a Mac or LInux computer is to run the following command in a terminal (this could take several minutes):

find / -name wallet.dat -print 2>/dev/null

The default Mac wallet.dat file will be located here:

~/Library/Application Support/Bitcoin/

The default Linux file will be located here:


Restoring your wallet.dat file

Of course, in order to restore your wallet.dat file, you must have a backup of it. This means you created a copy of the file before the deletion/corruption happened or you recovered it off of an old device. 

To restore the uncorrupted version of the wallet.dat, you need to move this backup file to the appropriate folder of your wallet software. The specific location of the wallet.dat file differs depending on your operating system and the wallet you’re using.

Before moving the backup file, make sure to close your crypto wallet to prevent any potential conflicts. Once you move the file, you have restored wallet.dat. 

You can then restart the wallet. It will recognize the new wallet.dat file, ask for your optional passphrase, and display the correct wallet balance and transaction history. 

What if you don’t have a copy of the wallet.dat file? Or what if you have a copy but the entire device is damaged so you cannot restore the file? 

Well, that makes the situation more difficult. But, it’s not entirely unsalvageable. At this point, you need to find a professional crypto recovery expert. They will then use their data recovery skills to recover the deleted wallet.dat file or restore an uncorrupted version from the device’s internal storage. 

Sometimes, this can be done remotely. A recovery expert may be able to guide you through the process of getting the file. It can then be securely sent to the expert, which certainly beats sending your device to them. 

How to backup your wallet.dat file

You’re advised to regularly back up your wallet.dat file. That way, you can easily recover your funds in case of corruption or accidental deletion of the original file. 

To do this, locate the wallet.dat file in your wallet’s data directory. You then want to copy the file and paste it into a different location on your computer. An external hard drive can be a good place to store it. 

Once you have created the backup file, secure the backup in a safe location. 


The wallet.dat file is a crucial element of your core wallet. If it gets corrupted or deleted, you will have a hard time using the wallet and accessing your crypto funds. Fortunately, you can quickly get yourself out of this situation if you have a backup of the wallet.dat file. 

But if you never backed it up, you’ll need professional help. Professional Crypto Recovery (PCR) has been in the data recovery business for years. So, if you need to recover your crypto wallet, we will help you do so quickly, safely, and affordably. 

Contact us today to book a free consultation.